Fatah-Tanzim

   The armed wing of Fatah, the largest faction of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO); set up in 1995 by PLO leader Yasser Arafat and the Fatah leadership to serve a dual function. On the one hand, acting as a semiautonomous agency, it was to engage Israeli security forces and settlers without officially breaking signed agreements with Israel entered into by the PLO or the Fatah-dominated Palestinian Authority (PA; and thereby giving Arafat a degree of "deniability"). On the other hand, as a paramilitary organization with a popular base, the Fatah-Tanzim was also to act as a counterweight to the military wing of the Islamist opponents of the PLO and the PA, namely Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad. The Tanzim played a leading role in initiating and sustaining the Al-Aksa intifada.
   See also Barghouti, Marwan (1959- ); Suicide Bombings; Terrorism.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • Fatah Tanzim — noun a terrorist group organized by Yasser Arafat in 1995 as the armed wing of al Fatah; serves a dual function of violent confrontation with Israel and serves as Arafat s unofficial militia to prevent rival Islamists from usurping leadership •… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tanzim — (Arabic: تنظيم, Organization in Arabic) is a faction of the Palestinian Fatah movement. It is seen as a more militant new guard within Fatah, as opposed to the old guard which promoted the Oslo peace process.Fact|date=February 2007 Tanzim came to …   Wikipedia

  • Tanzim — El Tanzim (del árabe Organización ) es una facción armada del movimiento palestino Fatah. Tanzim tiene lazos con las Brigadas de los Mártires de Al Aqsa, un grupo armado palestino que opera en la Franja de Gaza y Cisjordania. Contenido 1 Origen 2 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fatah — Das offizielle Wappen der Fatah zeigt zwei Fäuste, die Gewehre halten, und eine Granate vor dem Hintergrund einer Karte des historischen Palästina (das Gebiet des Staates Israel, des Westjordanlands und des Gaza Streifens), die Ärmel bestehen aus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fatah-Bewegung — Dieser Artikel beschäftigt sich mit der palästinensischen Partei. Für die abgespaltenen Gruppierungen im Libanon siehe Fatah al Intifada und Fatah al Islam. Für den deutschen Schriftsteller siehe Sherko Fatah. In diesem Artikel oder… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fatah — ( Conquest )    The oldest and largest faction of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), its name is a reversed acronym for Harakat al Tahrir al Falistin (Movement for the Liberation of Palestine). It was founded in 1957 by a group of… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Tanzim — noun a terrorist group organized by Yasser Arafat in 1995 as the armed wing of al Fatah; serves a dual function of violent confrontation with Israel and serves as Arafat s unofficial militia to prevent rival Islamists from usurping leadership •… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fatah — فتح Leader Mahmoud Abbas Founder Yasser Arafat Founded 1959 Headquarters Ramallah, Pale …   Wikipedia

  • Tanzim —   [ z ; arabisch »Organisierung«, »Durchführung«], Tansim, Bezeichnung für die Al Fatah, besonders für ihren so genannten »militärischen Arm« (Tanzim Truppen beziehungsweise Tanzim Milizen), der vorwiegend aus jugendlichen Al Fatah Mitgliedern… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Fatah — Fa|tah [fa tax], die; [arab. (al )fataḥ., geb. aus rückwärts gelesenem ḥarakat at taḥrīr al waṭanī al filasṭīnī = Bewegung zur nationalen Befreiung Palästinas, also eigtl. = fatḥ = Eroberung]: von palästinensischen Arabern gegründete, zur… …   Universal-Lexikon

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